Beef Market Advisor

Friday, February 27, 2004

Classifying Age By Teeth May Be Inaccurate, Study Finds

As a measure to reduce BSE risk, 30 months and younger is the limit at which boneless beef products can be exported into the U.S. from Canada. That same 30 months-and-younger standard is also proposed for the exportation of live cattle. It's assumed that cattle under 30 months of age can't exhibit BSE symptoms.

Thus, an accurate determination of age in cattle is an issue of big economic significance to the industry. In fact, discounts in the domestic market could entail carcass value losses of 30% to 50% in cattle categorized by dentition as being more than 30 months of age when, in fact, they are actually younger than 30 months.

The age determination method currently under study is dentition of each animal. Cattle are considered to be aged 30 months or older when more than two permanent incisor teeth have erupted (the first pair of permanent incisors and at least one tooth from the second pair).

Alberta Agriculture scientists recently reviewed earlier research examining the relationship between cattle age and dental eruption. The review of five different studies found it's likely that 16% to 50% of cattle categorized by dentition at harvest as being more than 30 months of age were actually younger than 30 months.

Because the five studies are more than 20 years old, the authors say it's important that the current cattle population be categorized for the relationship between age and the eruption of permanent incisors (Basarab et al. 2003. Lacombe Research Centre Newsletter, Vol. 7, Issue 4).

Editorial comment: I have had several Canadian beef producers share with me their bad experience with mouthing animals for age. It is not working very well for Canadian producers and I do not see how it can work well for U.S producers either.

Harlan Hughes

posted by Dr. Harlan Hughes 4:27 PM [edit]

Cost Of BSE

USDA announced last week that the single U.S. case of BSE has cost the average beef producer approximately $10,000 in lost revenue. USDA also noted that 2004 corn and soybean prices, projected to be 16% higher than the 2003 average, will tighten livestock producer margins even further.

posted by Dr. Harlan Hughes 4:24 PM [edit]

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